What is The Upsc Exam Pattern And Syllabus For Prelims And Mains?


UPSC CSE exam is the civil service exam conducted for the IAS, IFS, and IPS candidates. This exam is held to see the overall capability of the candidates as per the role; hence, it’s divided into three stages. The first stage is prelims, then mains and interviews. In this article, we will provide you with the UPSC Exam Pattern and its syllabus for the year 2022.

What Is The Upsc Exam Pattern For The Year 2022?

UPSC exam has three phases in it. In 2021, this selection pattern was the same as last year, so the pattern will be the same for this year’s selection process too. Prelims, mains, and interview round this is pretty much the pattern. 


The exam is conducted to select the candidates for mains. This stage consists of two papers. The first is general studies l, and the second is CSAT ( general studies ll ); this is the paper that is not tough to crack. So, the marks obtained in general studies decide whether or not you’re going to go for mains. The paper type is objective here and of a total of 400 marks (200 marks each).


Those who qualify in prelims get the chance to sit in the main exam. This has two paper types, A and B. There are a total of 5 papers out of which 3 are compulsory and 2 optional. It has one language paper of qualifying nature; hence, it does not count on the total score of it. The total score for mains is 1750, from which you have to get 25% each to qualify for the interview round. The exam mainly includes general studies from various sectors like agriculture, Indian heritage, politics, and technology.

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Those who qualify in both stages get the chance to be in the interview stage, where the board tests their personality. This round is a total of 275 marks, making the total exam score of 2025. Here the board specifically tests your mental intelligence, critical and analytical thinking, and general intellectual abilities as a leader.

What is the UPSC exam syllabus?

UPSC has two phases and one interview round, which makes it a total of three phases. Normally this exam is more about your general knowledge. You can learn more about it on the BYJUS exam prep website or download the UPSC Syllabus PDF.


Paper l: This paper’s topics are current national and international affairs, history and politics of India, economy, social DevelopmentDevelopment, biodiversity, sociology, and issues of environmental ecology.

Paper ll: The topics are comprehension, descriptive skills, communication skills, analytical skills, problem-solving, numerical ( class 10th level ), charts, bar graphs, etc.


Paper l: Essay writing. The student has to write essays on various topics.

Paper ll: Topics are mostly Indian culture, literature, architecture, modern India, history of India from the 18th century till now, important personalities, issues, and events. Freedom struggle it’s all stages and important parts. History of India post-independence, communism, socialism, etc.

Paper lll: Related to the Indian constitution. Topics are the history of the Indian constitution, its function and role of it in its description, its structural organization, and the role of every department of the Indian constitution in details like the minister, judiciary, lawyer, president, etc. Comparison of Indian constitution to other countries. Developing industries and sectors which impact the constitution like different NGOs etc. Issues related to different sectors like Developing sectors and sectors like poverty, hunger too. India and its relation with neighbor countries, different deals, and ways to maintain the relationship with different countries.

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Paper lV: India economy, DevelopmentDevelopment, and employment,e-technology related to farmer issues. IT, computer sector, robotics, environmental pollution, security challenges, and their management and how technology helps in it. Achievements in scientific fields of India, new technology development, the current going technology research and studies, etc.

Paper V: human value, public service, aptitude, philosophical thinking, emotional thinking, moral belief, education, etc.

The other two are optional, depending on what you choose in this part.

Interview- after completing all these parts. This is the last round where the board takes your interview. Overall personality test. It will decide if you will be eligible for the role or not. Check out the BYJUS exam prep website to explore more about the UPSC exam.

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